By Eleen Korir

With the current pandemic of Covid-19, most companies around the globe have had challenges on how to handle their employees as well ensure delivery and business continuity. As a matter of fact, most people lost their jobs due to businesses scaling down, shutting down due to lack of business, lock down in some regions etc. some have had to take a pay cut as a result of the reduced business turnover. The lucky ones have had an opportunity to work remotely from home.

Working from home has its own advantages and disadvantages depending on an individual and the kind of work one is doing. To work from home one needs to have the following skills;

  1. Self-Motivation to focus on work despite the urge to do own work
  2. Self-discipline and proper time use and management
  3. To be able to work without supervision and be self-sufficient
  4. Being able to be good in communication
  5. Ability to interact and use technology
  6. To able to manage home-work balance.

I did a simple survey among our staff on what they think about working from home based on the following:

1. How has it been? (your effectiveness in delivering your work- compared to when you worked from the office)

While a few indicated that Working from home did not have much difference as when they were working from office, some indicated that their effectiveness in delivering on their duties got better, though with some struggling when they first started working from home. The team cited the availability of systems such as, Desk Time, Asana, Zoom, Google Meet and calendar help a lot in managing time and ensuring completion of tasks.

2. What are the challenges of working from home?

Despite the ease in working from home, the team indicated that there are challenges such as;

  • Home environment creates a comfort to make one want to relax a bit
  • Distractions from family members
  • Being unable to get second opinion on certain issues from fellow colleagues especially in urgent matters and they are not reachable or responding faster
  • Power outages and poor internet connections which affects the work schedules as opposed to the office where there is a standby generator.

3. What do you love most with working from home?

The team had the following to say about this:

  • Time management thanks to the systems in place
  • Working from home is more comfortable
  • “I don’t get to spend any time in traffic”
  • Peace of mind for being able to keep an eye on the children.
  • “I can run my most urgent errands and still cover for lost time”.
  • Flexibility of working hours.

4. What would change if you go back to the office?

Majority of the team members noted that nothing much will change in case they are asked to go back to working from office.

5. If you were to choose, where would you prefer to work?

Concerning this, there was a 50/50% response where we had equal responses showing that we are ok with working either from home or office.

6. How is your family taking this (working from home)?

Majority of the team members indicate great support from their family members and those with children indicated that they are intrigued and thrilled to have their parents at home.

7. How has your expenses been? compared to when you worked from office?

Working from home does not require on to commute, buy lunch from the restaurant etc. therefore as indicate by all team members, there has been reduced expenses on their part. In addition, due to healthy eating from home cooked food, there has been reduced illnesses hence reduced medical expenses as well.

In conclusion, working from home seems to be manageable for most people except for cases where there are site visits to be done. For our company, delivery by majority of the team members has been tremendous and they have been effective in ensuring tasks are completed on time.

The COVID-19 situation has come with a lot of challenges, people have had to handle them differently and organizations should find a way forward to ensure that staff do not lose their jobs.


By Ruth Carol Atieno

Both cows and cars are huge polluters of the environment. Cows release harmful gases into the air that is, methane through burps and farts. Cows are producers of ammonia which is also a pollutant. For the cars it is quite obvious, we all know how much of a pollutant a car can be. The good news is the gases produced by cows can be used to run cars and I will tell you how.

Manure From Cows

Did you know that the amount of manure produced by a single cow in a year can run a car for up to 9000 Km? For this to work the manure from cows has to go through a process of improvement to achieve the end result which is used to run a car.

With the aid of Bacteria, the manure is fermented in an anaerobic digester to produce biogas. This fermentation process takes about 60 days and cow manure is added to the digester on a daily basis. The biogas in the digester contains approximately 50% methane and 50% CO2. The CO2 is then separated from the methane. The separation is achieved by passing the gas through a very fine mesh or membrane.

The methane gas can now be used to power vehicles while the CO2 can be used in other processes for instance stimulation of plant growth in greenhouses.

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Looks like livestock farmers are sitting on a gold mine and also a planet saver. It is time they invested on anaerobic digesters to produce this clean fuel. Methane gas derived from the above process is the cleanest car fuel and this will have reduced the amount of carbon emissions contributed by cars each time they are running.


By Liz Nekesa

Pumping systems support essential processes in buildings, manufacturing and water treatment. They are widely used in industries to provide cooling and lubrication services, transfer fluids in processes and provide motive force in hydraulic systems.

Inadequate performance of pumps in cooling systems lead to unwanted overheating and pump downtime in the manufacturing and could also lead to loss in productivity. These, and other more drastic consequences of pump failure, inefficiency and improper sizing reaffirm the very critical need for pump reliability.

To ensure pumps meet the needs of a system under all conditions, designers tend to size pumps conservatively in an attempt to ensure pumps are large enough to meet the said needs, this is Oversizing.

In this blog, we look at other reasons for oversizing of pumps (centrifugal), its effects, detection and remedies.

Reasons for Over sizing of Pumps.

The main cause for over sizing of pumps is application of safety margins by designers and planning engineers to cater for the many uncertainties in the design process. This plays out in several scenarios, some explained below.

  • Pump sizing and system’s pressure drop is calculated much earlier in planning before pipe work has been routed. A safety factor is thus included in these initial calculations as the individual process piping is generally unknown at the concept stage.
  • Pump manufacturers add safety margins as well to guarantee the pumps will achieve intended performance hence oversizing may be inevitable.
  • Anticipation of expansion of the system and production capacity in the future may necessitate the installation of the needed infrastructure in the planning stage leading to higher safety margins.
  • Pump wear results in reduction in head and capacity, a safety factor may be included to counteract this eventual effect of wear.

Effects of Over sizing pumps.

Oversizing of pumps seems inevitable and necessary however, applying too much of a safety margin to a design can actually have unanticipated effects on system reliability, performance and efficiency. The penalties extend beyond high energy costs.

Oversized pumps results in more flow delivered than required for the system. The effects are as below:

  • Increased wear and maintenance costs as excessive fluid power from oversized pumps must be dissipated by a valve or a pressure regulating device.
  • Valve seat wear which results from throttling excess flow and cavitation creates a significant maintenance problem and shorten the interval between valve overhauls
  • Noise and vibration caused by excessive flow creates stress on pipe welds and pipe supports and in severe cases erode pipe walls.

The end result of attempts to incline on pump reliability by over sizing leads to less system reliability caused by additional wear and low efficiency in the operations

Detection of over sized pumps.

There are five common indications that a pump is oversized. These include:

1. Excessive flow noise:

This an indication that is frequently disregarded as operators get used to the noise in industry settings and is even an affirmation that things are ‘working’. The noise is brought about by flow-induced pipe vibrations. These vibrations tend to loosen flanged connection and other mechanical joints.

2. Highly throttled flow control valves

Imagine driving a car by having the accelerator fully depressed and using the brake to achieve desired speed. This is the scenario achieved by throttle valves that choke fluid flow so that less fluid moves through the valve while the pump is working to move the fluid. Excessive throttling needed to control flow is a major indicator of oversized pumps,

3. Heavy use of By-Pass lines

Among other reasons by-pass piping is normally installed, to supplement performance and handle excessive pressure or flow. A large number of open by pass valves is an indication that the system is performing inefficiently due to improper balancing, oversized pumps or both. Furthermore, energy needed to push fluid through these lines is wasted.

4. Frequent Replacements.

Best Efficiency Point (BEP) refers to a design point in pump curves where efficiency is maximized and the pump runs smoothest and radial forces are minimized. At this point the pump operates most cost efficiently in regard to efficiency and maintenance.

Oversizing results in pumps operating to the left of their BEP due to generation of high back pressures from increased flow velocity. This leads to greater pressure exerted on mechanical seals, pipe vibrations that exacerbates bearing and seal wear and consequent frequent replacements.

5. Intermittent Pump Operation.

In the case where pumps are used to fill and drain or maintain a steady liquid level in a tank, the presence of an oversized pump will result in a sporadic cycle. A right sized pump would drain a tank more gradually and continuously as compared to an oversized pump.

Remedies to Over sized pumps.

The following measures can be adopted to mitigate the effects of oversized pumps in a system.

1. Impeller trimming

Applicable to centrifugal pumps this is defined as the process of machining the diameter of an impeller to reduce the energy added to the system fluid, lowering flow and pressure generated by the pump. This is a practical correction to pumps that are oversized and has less impact than that of buying a smaller impeller.

Benefits of impeller trimming include: reduction in operating and maintenance cost, less fluid energy wasted in bypass lines, across throttle valves or dissipated as noise and vibrations. Energy savings are roughly proportional to cube of the diameter reduction.

It is advisable to reduce diameters not less than 70% of their original size as trimming affects operating efficiency and complicate performance predictions. In the case where excessive trimming is required replacing impeller with a smaller impeller is viable but costly.

2. Use of Adjustable speed drives. (ASD).

This a measure to achieve speed control in the case of variable flow rates. ASD’s modify speed of a single speed motor through mechanical or electrical methods and are most practical for applications with continuous changes in flow demand.

ASD’s provide efficient operation by driving pumps at different speeds according to system needs.

The most popular type of ASD is the Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) and electrical drive that adjust electrical frequency of power supplied to change rotational speed.

3. Large/small Pump configurations

In this configuration the large and small pump are in parallel with the small pump referred to as a pony pump. This configuration operates more efficiently than using one large pump. 

In the example of draining and filing up a tank, the repeated stopping and restarting of pump wears it out and leads to unreliable pump operation. These adverse effects are even more severe when the pump is over sized.

Adopting a smaller pump with lower capital cost is a good solution to reduce intermittent operation of the existing pump.

In conclusion

There is an overall bias towards over sizing of pumps due to unknowns such as pipe fouling, scaling and future production rates, however, one cannot turn a blind eye on its negative effects on overall efficiency of the system, maintenance costs and power wastage.

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the resulting economic stress on industries has catapulted savings derived from energy efficiency into the limelight. Adoption of measures to curb losses due to over sizing of pumps is prudent.


By Ruth Carol Atieno

One of the ways to achieve energy savings and energy efficiency at large is switching to CFL and LED bulbs as they save energy and produce brighter lights compared to the regular incandescent bulbs. But have you ever asked yourself what is the technology behind them and how exactly do they work? Today I will answer your questions.

Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL)

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There are two types of CFL, the integrated CFL lamp and the non-integrated CFL lamp. The integrated lamps have ballast and lamp which is connected to the single unit. On the other hand, in a non-integrated lamp, the ballast is permanently fixed with the luminaire and only the tube are replaced when it is damaged.

A CFL uses about 30% of the electric power, and has a lifespan of 5,000-10,000 hours. This is not the case with an incandescent bulb. CFL bulbs operate by using the low pressure mercury vapor gas to produce the visible light.

When an electric current is switched on, the mercury vapor is energized, causing it to send out ultraviolet (UV) energy. The phosphor coating on the CFL’s glass tube absorbs the UV energy, which causes the phosphor to produce visible light. Different colors and temperature of the light emitted is achieved by combining different phosphors.

Because of the lamps’ increased efficiency, CFLs prevent mercury release into the environment.

Light Emitting Diode (LED)

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LED bulbs have a lifespan of 50,000 hours and saves up to 80% of energy.

Unlike a CFL, which can be in form of a vacuum or glass tube, an LED is a solid semiconductor material which emits light when currents pass through it. In other words, light is produced when the electrons in the semiconductor recombine with electron holes, releasing energy in the form of photons.

The color of the light is determined by the energy required for the electrons to cross the band gap of the semiconductor.[5] White light is obtained by using multiple semiconductors or a layer of light-emitting phosphor on the semiconductor device.


I personally feel that LEDs have more advantages as compared to CFLs. Take a look at for instance the lifespans of both, LEDs have a longer lifespan. When it comes to energy saving, LEDs will save you 80% while CFL will save you 70%. Even though CFLs limit the release of mercury into the environment, I would still go for LEDs which do not have any mercury in them.


Circuit Globe

Architect Magazine

Types Of Electricity Meters And How To Read Them

By Ruth Carol Atieno

Currently, majority of households if not all have an electricity meter in place to measure the electricity consumption rates. But have you ever asked yourself what type of a meter you have? Or when it is time for a replacement and you wonder what kind of a meter you should buy?

In this blog, I will be taking you through the different types of electricity meters currently available in the market.

Accumulation Meters

These meters, also known as flat rate meters, are a traditional version of electricity meters. They measure the total amount of electricity used by a household and so you are only billed for the amount of electricity you use regardless of the time of usage.

To get the readings from a flat rate meter, you check the amount of electricity your household used since the last reading you made before. The billing is then done by comparing the difference between the current reading to the previous reading.

Interval Meters

An interval meter on the other hand measures electricity usage at time intervals of 30 minutes. It collects the data with the help of a spinning disc and has a digital display.

This therefore means that with these meters you will have different electricity usage amounts at different times in a given day. This is clearly an advantage as you are able to know the times during which your electricity consumption is high and so you can work out a plan to reduce the consumption.

To get readings from an interval meter the reader has to attach an optical probe to the meter to downloads the 30 minute interval data into a handheld computer. The readings are then sent to your electricity supplier so they can calculate your bill.

Smart Meters

These are more advanced interval meters as they give a more detailed understanding of electrical consumption of a household. This information can be used when it comes to reducing energy consumption rate and in the end saving money.

Smart meters measure the electricity used by a household digitally and then sends this information yo the electricity supplier who then does the billing. This digital reporting is done on a daily basis as the meter is in a position to communicate to a central computing system.


By Chris Mbori

If there is one course that has altered my career as an Energy Manager then it has to be the Certified Energy Manager (CEM). I undertook my Certified Energy Manager course back in 2011 and my professional life has never been the same again.

The CEM is by far the most recognized and premier certification programme for energy managers offered by the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE). This CEM course is recognized in about 130 different countries across the world. I have derived many benefits both tangible and intangible from doing this programme, but the 3 main ones that I have personally gained directly attributable to this certification are:

1. Career Distinction

On achieving this certification I was immediately able to distinguish myself as an energy professional. This offered me more opportunities to secure a better job that attracted higher remuneration. With the CEM certification, I was later able to start Eenovators Limited, an energy consulting, training and management company. I both got licensed as an energy auditor and my firm as an energy auditing firm.

Many energy professionals across the world are now required to have the CEM certification to be able to keep their jobs. Energy Service Companies and Utilities companies for example, prefer hiring CEMs as their energy professionals. The CEM certification therefore does help energy professionals get better jobs and have better job security. The same concept applies to energy professionals running energy consulting companies. Having CEMs in their companies translates to more energy assignments from clients on account of the presence of credible professionals to deliver on work assignments. 

2. Help Companies Realize Huge Financial Savings:

Being a Certified Energy Manager (CEM) is more than just having initials after your name. It is committing to one’s own professional development and using the practical knowledge acquired to make a positive impact in the energy space. It’s only through that commitment that one can renew this certification.

After I became a CEM, to keep the certification, I involved myself in doing numerous energy audits, very often without any payment, for many energy consumers with a need to reduce their energy costs. Most of these clients saved a lot of money as a result of the audits and recommendations. This encouraged me to take this up as a career and help more commercial and industrial customers take advantage of the significant financial savings derived from becoming more efficient and using clean energy for production.

Any company that trains its staff in the Certified Energy Manager course can immediately accrue a return on investment through the savings from the energy interventions proposed by the CEM. The direct Return on Investment is therefore a very attractive option for companies looking for business sustainability.

3. Creating Valuable Networks:

Being a CEM has helped me expand my network not only in the energy space but also in other professional networks. Having a distinguished certification has opened many doors that I would otherwise not have walked through, and I have also managed to receive local and internationally recognition owing to the impact of the professional work my team and I have achieved in the energy space. Having access to the right network has also resulted in global travel to many countries, meeting and networking with many other energy professionals across the world who have not only helped build my energy career, but also helped grow my business.

There are probably more benefits that one can achieve by becoming a Certified Energy Manager (CEM) including increasing professional career opportunities, getting industry recognition and adding value at the work place. I have had the opportunity to experience all of that. However, a change in career, saving companies money and expanding my network stood out for me. Are you a CEM already? What has stood out for you?

If you want to become a CEM, you can register for the course by simply visiting the AEE website.

Or if you are in Africa you can register with the Institute of Energy Professionals Africa.

The courses are offered in both Live training (physical training) or Livestream (online).

Chris Mbori is the Managing Director of Eenovators Limited. He is passionate about energy management and its positive impact to our world. You can connect to him through his LinkedIn account


By Ruth Carol Atieno

Energy Efficiency is the new trend and almost all of us are striving to join in the energy efficient group. But why really should I be energy efficient? I will answer this question on this blog piece I wrote.

Reduced Utility Bills

The very first thing that happens when you decide to switch to Energy Efficiency is reduced utility bills. When you get rid of your old energy consuming appliances with new Energy Efficient ones you will have reduced electricity bills at the end of the month.

On the other hand you will also be safe from fluctuating electricity bills. You will be operating at a low cost and will not feel the heat even when the prices go higher than normal.

Save The Environment

Energy Efficiency means less carbon footprint. By switching to Energy Efficiency you will save the environment and the planet at large. When you consume less energy then the amount of toxic fumes released to the environment will also reduce. Let’s say you will become an ambassador of the Earth!!

A clean environment means good health.

Job Creation

Companies in the Energy Efficiency industry have created lots of employment opportunities. This is a fact we cannot deny. And thanks to Energy Efficiency people now have sources of income.

Sustainable Credentials

Companies or industries that have embraced Energy Efficiency receive sustainable credentials and are highly ranked in the society.

Return On Investment

However small your transition to Energy Efficiency is, you are capable of generating returns from it. Energy Efficiency might cost you during the implementation but in the end it will pay you back.

Improved Property Value

Let us take a look at the real estate industry. Houses that are energy efficient tend to sell more and for higher pricing. Just by incorporating Energy Efficiency during the planing and construction of the houses, the property value is automatically improved.

Improved Quality Of Life

When your home is energy efficient it will be warmer, drier and well ventilated. This will discourage the growth or production of indoor pollutants such as molds. Energy Efficiency increases the comfort of living in your own home or working in your office.

Save Money

Reduced utility bills means money will be saved. The savings can then be injected into other projects that need financing. The savings can also be used to move more steps up the Energy Efficiency ladder.

Social Responsibility

Taking care of the planet is our social responsibility and therefore Energy Efficiency automatically becomes our social responsibility as a people.

Reduced Dependability

When we open up Energy Efficiency companies locally we will reduced our dependability to imported energy sources. In the end we will also be improving the economy of our countries.


Now you have a reason to be Energy Efficient why not take the very first step to being efficient.

What’s in a Name? The Youth Empowerment Programme Naming Challenge!

By Caroline Gathuru

Over 75% of the population are below 35 years old, the ceiling at which the category of “The Youth” is defined. It follows swiftly that the energy sector must respond to the continually arising needs of young people to take the mantle and drive sustainable energy programmes forward.

In a bid to address this challenge the institution of a capacity building programme for the youth has taken root and is set to bring young people together to steer energy matter.

This Youth programme is inspired by the rising number of unemployed youth in the energy space and the current trend by employers going for trained, skilled and experienced persons for the available jobs, capacity that young people naturally do not have and need to acquire.

The program aims to equip graduates with the energy skills and experience they need to position them for employment and self-employment. This will be achieved through high level training, mentorship and internships in relevant and beneficial work places.

With this exciting programme in mind, the next step that presented an intriguing challenge was – what to name it! And in true democratic format, a mini poll was launched to establish what would be best suited. Respondents proposed different names with participants indicating what they felt the programme should be baptized, and 15 different names were forwarded for consideration.

a) Name  Proposals

  • Youth in Energy Training Initiative –  YETI
  • Youth In Energy Training Initiative – YIET
  • Energyzed Youth Program-  EYP
  • Youth in Energy Program  – YEP
  • Youth In Energy Efficiency Program – YEEP
  • Youth & Energy Initiative –  YEI           
  • Youth Energy & Leadership Programme – YELP
  • Young Energy Professionals Programme – YEPP
  • Energizing Young Leaders Programme – EYLP
  • Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP
  • Energy Engagement Youth Initiative – EEYI
  • Youth Energy in Action Programme  -YEAP
  • Youth Energy in Action Initiative – YEAI
  • Transforming Energy Youth Initiative – TEYI  
  • Young Energy Transformers Initiative – YETI

All 15 names were entered into the with members requested to select their first, second and third choices and to indicate the reasons why they had settled on those specific choices.

b) Results

First Choice

The highest ranking was at 30% followed by two entries at 20% and the remaining three at 10% as follows:

  • Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP 30%
  • Youth in Energy Training Initiative – YETI -20%
  • Youth in Energy Efficiency  Programme – YEEP 20%
  • Youth in Energy Programme – YEP -10%
  • Young Energy Professionals Programme –  YEPP 10%
  • Youth Energy in Action Programme – YEAP 10%
Second Choice

Once again the highest ranking was at 30% followed by two entries at 20% and the remaining three at 10% as follows:

  •  Young Energy Professionals Programme – YEPP 30%
  • Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP 20%
  • Youth Energy and Leadership Programme – YELP 20%
  • Youth in Energy Training Initiative – YETI 10%
  • Youth in Energy Efficiency  Programme – YEEP 10%
  • Youth and Energy Initiative –  YEI 10%
Third Choice

Yet again the highest ranking was at 30% followed by two entries at 20% and the remaining three at 10% as follows:

  • Youth Energy and Leadership Programme – YELP 30%
  • Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP 20%
  • Youth and Energy Initiative –  YEI 20%
  • Youth in Energy Training Initiative – YETI 10%
  • Energyzed Youth Programme – EYP 10%
  • Youth in Energy Programme – YEP – 10%

c) Final Results

And finally – after computing the most popular names from the range of first second and third choices that the respondents chose the results are as follows:

  • Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP Total 70
  • Youth Energy and Leadership Programme – YELP Total 50

And a tie between

  • Youth in Energy Training Initiative – YETI Total 40
  • Young Energy Professionals Programme – Total YEPP 40

And therefore without further ado, the people have made their choice – the youth energy programme with forthwith be aptly named:

Youth Energy Empowerment Programme – YEEP!

It is YEEP’s intention to bring Energy Transformation vide the vehicle of passionate youth, seeking to develop and implement energy programmes and lead in the energy sector both locally and globally.

To partner with Eenovators in this youth programme, kindly reach out on  


By Monica Ngage

The dramatic spread of COVID-19 has disrupted lives, livelihoods, communities and businesses worldwide. it’s been estimated that, if the corona virus spreads uncontrollably, it could all right cost the world economy somewhere around $2.7 trillion. This is just an example of the various risks that a business is probably going to face.

What is risk management?

It is the identification, evaluation, and prioritization of risks (defined in ISO 31000 as the effect of uncertainty on objectives) followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability or impact of unfortunate events[1] or to maximize the realization of opportunities.

What are the sources of risks?

Risks can come from various sources including uncertainty in financial markets, threats from project failures (at any level of design, development, production, or sustaining of life-cycles), legal liabilities, credit risk, accidents, natural causes and disasters, deliberate attack from an adversary, or events of uncertain or unpredictable root cause.

There are two sorts of events i.e. negative events, classified as risks and positive events, classified as opportunities.

How can we manage risks?

There are 6 steps involved in managing risks:

  1. Identify the risk-You cannot resolve a risk if you do not know what it is. Imagine a project in progress  and think of the many things that can go wrong e.g late deliveries, curfews, cessation of movement like the one we are experiencing in Nairobi, Mombasa, etc. Once this is done, you need to put down all identified risks in a risk register.
  2. Analyze the risk– At this point you have a risk register; so what are you going to do about these risks? You need to determine the likelihood of these risks happening . This information needs to be included on the risk register. Analyzing risk is hard. There is never enough information you can gather. Of course, plenty of that data is complex, but most industries have best practices, which might facilitate you along with your analysis. You would possibly be surprised to get that your company already has a framework for this process.
  3. Prioritize the risk– After the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the risks, you will establish that all risk are not equal. Some will take more resources than others should they occur. At this point you need to categorize your risks as being high, medium or low. Some risks are going to require immediate attention. These are the risks which will derail your project. Failure isn’t an option. Then there are those risks that have little to no impact on the project’s schedule and budget. A number of these low-priority risks may be important, but not enough to waste time on and might be somewhat ignored.
  4. Assign an owner to the risk– Identify the person who is responsible for that risk, identifying it when and if it should occur and then leading the work towards resolving it. There may be a team member who is more skilled or experienced within the risk. Then that person should lead the charge to resolve it. Or it might just be an arbitrary choice.
  5. Respond to the risk– First you need to know if this is a positive or negative risk. Is it something you may exploit for the betterment of the project? Strategies to manage threats (uncertainties with negative consequences) typically include avoiding the threat, reducing the negative effect or probability of the threat, transferring all or a part of the threat to a different party, and even retaining some or all of the potential or actual consequences of a specific threat. The opposite of these strategies can be used to respond to opportunities (uncertain future states with benefits). You then act on the risk in order of priority.
  6. Monitor the risk– After responding to the risk, you would like to stay check if the plan is functioning. Whoever is in charge of the risk will be one to track its progress towards resolution.

In conclusion, we must underline that during such situations, as in every period of adversity, changes in the market bring a lot of risks, but they can also create new business opportunities and drive innovation in businesses and sectors.

Digital media & home entertainment, as well as social media companies, are already seeing an uplift in revenues, as an increasing number of consumers opt for solutions that allow them to continue enjoying their hobbies and communicate with others, all from the comfort of their home.

In short, the sooner a company detects the potential threats posed by the corona virus crisis or any other risk and organizes a robust defense and response plan, the greater the possibilities of overcoming this crisis with the minimum possible losses, adapting to the new context, and recognizing new areas of endeavor.




By Ruth Carol Atieno

Are you a retail shop or outlet owner? Is it ‘green’? If your answer to the first question is yes then you are in the right place. I will give you several achievable tips for you to join in the match towards a green future. You will save money, energy and the environment by simply putting the ideas into practice as you go about your daily activities.

In the event of going green you will also be able to stand out from your competitors.

Energy Efficient Heating

Heating alone accounts for 40% of energy used in a retail store. One way to achieve energy efficiency is by setting the store temperatures slightly lower during cold seasons since most of the customers dress in warm outdoor clothes when leaving their houses. You could reduce the temperature by say 1%.

Always keep the doors closed. An open door will let out heated air and let in cold air. You can consider installing a timed air curtain above the doors if they must remain open. The timing will ensure that the curtain only operated during the day.

Energy Efficient Lighting

Well, there has to be enough lighting in your store to ensure all products are well displayed to the customers. How about you replace the incandescent and older fluorescent light bulbs with the energy efficient light-emitting diode (LED) or compact fluorescent (CFL) lights?

Energy Efficient Refrigeration

Refrigeration on the other hand can account to almost half of the energy consumed in a retail shop. You can achieve energy efficient refrigeration by:

  • Avoiding over-filling fridges – more products on the shelves prevents air circulating and means the equipment has to work harder.
  • Turning off internal display lights when the store is closed.
  • If the display refrigerators are fitted with doors, which is recommended for energy efficiency, make sure that the doors close properly and that the door seals fit correctly. For display refrigerators with pull down thermal insulating blinds, ensure these fit properly and are closed when the store is closed.
  • Remove anything that might restrict the airflow around the fridge.
  • Use insulating blinds and covers.
  • Keep condensers free from dust.

Less Toxic Cleaning Materials

Ensure the chemicals used when cleaning your retail shop are less harmful to the environment. Harmful chemicals can contaminate your products therefore risking the lives of the consumers and in the end putting your business at the risk of having to shutdown. You could even opt for a way cheaper and environmentally friendly option like using just a mixture of water and vinegar.

You can also consider contracting professional cleaners to do the cleaning as they have better knowledge on the best cleaning materials.


Buy used fixtures or use fixtures made out environmentally friendly materials such as wood. You will save money and also practice recycling in the end.

Indoor Plants For Air Conditioning

Plants can be used for clean air circulation or air conditioning. You could have these plants placed under the air conditioning vents to allow for quality air circulation.

Optional Packaging and Receipts

Save the trees!

Ask customers if they need packaging and receipts instead of just giving them out because its a norm. You can also consider emailing them the receipts instead of having to print them out every time a customer buys goods from your retail store.

Try and avoid packaging materials made out of plastic.

Energy Efficient Equipment

You might not be aware but that old computer, old AC, old freezer you have in your store is using up most of the energy supplied. Replace them with new ones but also, when selecting which ones to buy, check the energy star rating.

Buy energy efficient equipment.

Switch It Off When Not In Use

Do not leave computers, printers or cash registers on when the shop is closed. They still use energy even when on sleep or idle modes. This will save you a lot.

Install Motion Sensors

Areas such as washrooms do not have people occupying them all the time and therefore no need for lighting throughout. Install motion sensors that will trigger lights to come on only when someone is in the area.

For the products area you could take advantage of the natural light and use less overhead light during the day.

Sell Green Products

In the same spirit of trying to achieve a green store, help your customers have access to energy efficient products by having them in stock.

Get Employees Involved

To achieve a green store every stakeholder must be involved in the process. This means that even the employees should take part in the process.

How do employees come in? First, you can train them on how to operate the equipment in an energy efficient way. Second, you can draw out an action plan that will ensure every employee knows what is expected of them. Third, motivating them will make them want to do their best, recognize the most energy efficient employee say monthly or yearly.


The ball is now in your court. It time to save money, save energy and have a clean environment.